Carved Lapis Lazuli goose, believed to have laid Cosmic Egg from which Ra, the sun God, was hatched. Egypto-Roman. 30 BC-324 AD
Ancient Egypt. Mummy mask made out of linen and gesso with traces of dark green, gold, black, orange and red paint. According to the conventions of Egyptian style, the eyes of a mummy mask are given special emphasis and are rendered as large full almond shape, clearly outlined. Above them are heavily painted brows that aid in drawing attention to the eyes below. The head and torso were the most significant element of the cartonnage as they protected the most vital areas of the deceased.
The youthfulness seen on mummy masks were not all necessarily based on the likeness of the deceased. The features are in fact an idealized image of the person, for their continued existence in the afterlife.
Ptolemaic. 305-30 BC
Ancient Egypt. Cartonnage fragment with a kneeling Isis, protective Goddess, the wife of Osiris and the mother of Horus, paying homage to an ankh, the Egyptian symbol of life. Four lines of hieroglyphics at the top. Displayed in a shadow box.
New Kingdom, 20th Dynasty. 1200-1085 BC
Amulets were made of almost every material available to the Ancient Egyptian. The finest were carved of stone: lapis lazuli, carnelian, turquoise, feldspar, serpentine and steatite. Metals were used, in addition, gold being the most valuable, but copper, bronze and iron also were prized. Wood and bone were sometimes used. Of all materials, however, the greatest number of amulets was made out of faience.
Some amulets that were purely protective derived their power by evoking the Gods. For instance, if you wore a cat amulet around your neck, you carried with you the protection of the cat Goddess, Bastet. Amulets worn by women to protect them during childbirth often showed the image of the frog Goddess, Heket, who was believed to protect the women in labor. Other protective amulets, not directly related to the Gods, got their power by sympathetic magic. If you wore an amulet in the shape of an Ankh, you would continue to live because you wore the hieroglyph for "life". There were also amulets especially for deceased. They were placed on the mummy to assure that it remained intact and powerful in the next world. These funerary amulets were usually similar to those worn by the living. By far, the most numerous of all amulets found in excavations is the Eye of Horus. This as the highly stylized eye of the falcon God Horus. According to myth, Horus fought his evil uncle Seth to avenge the death of his father Osiris. In the battle, Horus' eye was torn to pieces, but by magic, Thoth, God of writing, assembled the pieces. Each element of the Eye of Horus represented a different fraction.
Ancient Egypt. Limestone ram statue associated with Amun, the Egyptian sky God who came to be regarded as a sun God and the head of the Egyptian pantheon.
26th Dynasty, 663-525 BC
Ancient Egyptian limestone goose.
In ancient Egyptian mythology, the geese were believed to be the creator of the world. They were believed to have laid the Cosmic Egg from which Ra, the sun God, was hatched.
Ptolemaic. 305-30 BC
Featuring artifacts available at Sadigh Gallery Ancient Art, Inc. To see more information regarding these artifacts, visit www.sadighgallery.com