Ancient Egypt. Mummy mask made from linen and gesso and then painted. Entire face covered in gold leaf. On the front, two jackals and four snakes on either side. On the top, a winged eagle with two spears. On one side, standing Horus and Osiris, on the other, Anubis, and Horus with crown. Ptolemaic. 305-30 BC
Ancient Egypt. Gold leaf over stucco and gesso, painted mummy mask fragment once used to cover the head of a mummy. Colors include soft red, black, browns and some green with black outlined eyes and eyebrows. Secured to a linen backing.
Ptolemaic, 305-30 BC
Ancient Egypt. Female mummy mask with layers of linen over stucco. Hollow in the back. In ancient Egypt, fine linen was used to wrap the head and neck of a mummy. The most well known type of Egyptian mask was made to cover the face of mummies. Egyptian mummy masks had religious significance. Masks were intended to help the dead move from the mortal to the immortal world and to protect the physical body from harm.
18th Dynasty, 1570-1342 BC
Ancient Egypt. Mummy mask made out of linen and gesso with traces of dark green, gold, black, orange and red paint. According to the conventions of Egyptian style, the eyes of a mummy mask are given special emphasis and are rendered as large full almond shape, clearly outlined. Above them are heavily painted brows that aid in drawing attention to the eyes below. The head and torso were the most significant element of the cartonnage as they protected the most vital areas of the deceased.
The youthfulness seen on mummy masks were not all necessarily based on the likeness of the deceased. The features are in fact an idealized image of the person, for their continued existence in the afterlife.
Ptolemaic. 305-30 BC
Ancient Egyptian wooden mummy mask covered with gesso and painted in yellow ochre, black and red. Almond shaped eyes with cosmetic outlines. 26th Dynasty. 663-525 BC
Ancient Egyptian carved wooden mummy mask covered with gesso and paint. 26th Dynasty. 663-525 BC
Mummy masks were worn over the wrapped head of the mummy. Ancient Egyptians believed that the spirit or ba survived death and could leave the confines of a tomb. The mummy mask therefore provided the means for the returning ba to recognize its host.
Ancient Egypt. Carved wooden mummy mask covered with gesso and then painted in white, black, and pink, open nostrils, almond shaped eyes with cosmetic outlines, wearing a headdress. 26th Dynasty. 663-525 BC (8 ½” x 4 ½”)
Mummy mask with many thick layers of linen, with a headdress with the Uraeus cobra symbol. In ancient Egypt, fine linen was used to wrap the head and neck of a mummy. Egyptian mummy masks had religious significance. Masks were intended to help the dead move from the mortal to the immortal world and to protect the physical body from harm. 18th Dynasty. 1570-1342 BC (14" X 8 1/2" X 7").
Featuring artifacts available at Sadigh Gallery Ancient Art, Inc. To see more information regarding these artifacts, visit www.sadighgallery.com